Sir Arthur Bliss studied music at Cambridge under Charles Wood
and at the Royal College of Music in the company of other brilliant students
including Herbert Howells, Ivor Gurney and Eugene Goosens. His musical
were interrupted by the outbreak of the First World War in which he gave
distinguished service but was also wounded in the Battle of the Somme and
gassed at Cambrai. The tragic death in battle of his brother,Kennard,
with his own war experiences had a profound and lasting impact on his life
in his music, and found expression most particularly in his choral symphony,
Morning Heroes (1930).
After the war Bliss established himself as a composer on the
London scene before moving to the USA in the early 1920s to accompany his
American father who had retired there. In California he met Gertude Hoffmann,
whom he married and brought back to London in 1925. They had two daughters,
Barbara and Karen.
In the meantime Bliss the composer continued to flourish,
being commissioned to write the cinema's first great film score with the
for Alexander Korda's film of H.G. Wells' Things to come
In 1941 he became director of music at the BBC, where he
established programmes such as "This Week's Composer", still enjoyed today in
similar form. Following his knighthood in 1950 he was appointed Master of the
Queen's Musick. In this capacity he composed numerous works and fanfares for
royal occasions including the Investiture of the Prince of Wales (1969). He
continued composing up until his death at the age of 83.
Arthur Bliss was a prolific and versatile composer and he wrote
over 140 works for every combination of voice and instrument, including
large scale orchestral and choral works, music for brass bands, chamber
music, songs, operas, ballets and film music.
He even found time to indulge his passion for
literature and wrote many articles on musical issues which are now collected
together in Bliss on Music.
Bliss's autobiography As I remember,
provides a rich insight into his character, his life and his work.