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Saturday Closure ---- Self-Service Photography in the Map Room

Cambridge, Cambridge University, Local Interest
Cambridge University Library
Catalogues
Cartographic Citations
Collections
Dating a Map
Dictionaries (including biographical) and Translation
E-mail Discussion Lists and Forum
Gateways
Gazetteers and Directories
History of Cartography
Online Maps (Old)
Online Maps (Modern, Digital, GIS, Route Finders and Stand Alone)
Journals (home pages, online journals / online indexes to journal articles) online books
Producers and Dealers (Old Maps)
Producers and Dealers (Current Maps)
Scales, Distances, Triangulation, Projections, Grids, Latitude and Longitude, Map Accuracy
Societies
Blogs


NEWTON: CUL's online catalogue. Remember to also look in the Map Department's card catalogue. How to search for maps.

Google.co.uk.

Cambridge University Library Information Point.

CUL's Home Page.

Special Collections blog


University Library

Cambridge University Library Home Page.

Newton. The Library's online catalogue. Click here for tips on searching Newton for maps and atlases and here for more information on the Map Department catalogues. [When Newton is unavailable use COPAC where you can limit your search to Cambridge University Library].

Chinese language maps and atlases in the University Library. These maps are housed in the Chinese Department, are mostly in Chinese characters and are not catalogued on Newton or in the Map Department's card catalogue.

Digital Resources Area of CUL.

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Cambridge, Cambridge University, Local Interest

Libraries, Museums, Shops and University Departments
Local and National Government
Maps
Societies

Libraries, Museums, Shops and University Departments:

Cambridge University Collection of Aerial Photography - CUCAP. An important collection of aerialhotographs taken since 1945 mostly covering Britain but also including Ireland and some European countries. Catalogue is available online. Alternative sources of photos might be locatable in NAPLIB directory of aerial photographic collections in the United Kingdom, 2nd ed. 1999. [L695.b.1 plus copy at Map Room enquiry desk]. See also the National Collection of Aerial Photography for aerial imagery from around the world some of which is available online.

British Antarctic Survey (BAS). Research Institute which also produces and publishes maps (paper and digital). The website also provides access to the SCAR catalogue of maps of the Antarctic region.

Cambridgeshire Archives and Local Studies. Information about the local Record Offices.

Cambridgeshire Collection. On the third floor of Cambridge Central Library the Cambridgeshire Collection has an extensive collection of maps, pictures, books, etc. of local interest. You can search parts of their online catalogue by selecting, for example, Cambridgeshire Collection monographs or illustrations (see list on left side of screen). In 'Advanced Search' you can search only for maps or illustrations by using the 'Collection' drop down list.

Cambridge Community Archives Network (CCAN). Mainly photographs but includes some maps. Also includes Robert Sayle Memory Store.

Department of Earth Sciences. The Library has a large collection of geological maps. Also check out their Digital Map Library.

Department of Geography. The Department has a Map Library, a Cartographic Unit and Computing, Automated Cartography and Remote Sensing facilities. See also the Data Sources links and the Geographical Information link on their Intranet (note that the latter site may only be available within the University and that the data sources may only be available for use by Geography Department staff and students, but the list may give you ideas and you can then get in touch with the Department). See also Cambridge University Geographical Society (CUGS) the student-run society for Geography students at the University of Cambridge.

Whipple Museum of the History of Science. Scientific instruments, globes, etc.

Blackwell's Map Centre. Visit the shop in Trinity Street or order Ordnance Survey large and small scale products online. Site offers various means of finding the maps that cover area of interest.

Local and National Government:

Cambridge City Council.

Cambridge City Council - Monitor Planning Applications Online. Also look at the Planning Portal, the UK Government's online planning and building regulations resource where it is possible to create a site location plan.

Cambridgeshire.net. Find events, clubs, courses, etc.

My Cambridgeshire. Enter your postcode and see, for example, the name of your ward or a selection of your nearest local services. Includes maps.

Land Registry. "The world's largest property database". Property information for England and Wales. This is a charged service and no maps can be seen online.

Maps:

Environment Agency Flood Map. Find out if your house is in an area liable to flood!

Faculty of History: Teaching Maps. Images of wall maps previously in the possession of the History Faculty.

FenPast. Currently unavailable. Treasures from Cambridgeshire's archives, libraries and museums revealing 10,000 years of fenland history. Includes scanned maps.

Genmaps. Old maps of Cambridgeshire. Old maps for other parts of the country can be found via their Home Page.

Norfolk Insight (previously known as Norfolk Data Observatory). Provides access to a wide range of definitive, high quality statistics and indicators at multiple geographic levels across the county.

Societies:

Cambridgeshire Association for Local History. Provide a co-ordinating role for all the local history societies in Cambridgeshire. Also arrange monthly lectures from October to May and organise guided tours within the county during the summer.

Cambridgeshire Records Society. Publishes facsimiles of several Cambridge maps.

CUEX - Cambridge University Expeditions Society. Their library of past reports, etc. is held in the Map Department and there is a catalogue on their web site. Please book an appointment if you wish to look at it.

Cambridge University Geographical Society (CUGS). Student-run society for Geography students at the University of Cambridge.

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Map Collections and Online Map Catalogues

(See also Information Sheets 2A and 2B. Also, many of the library catalogues listed on the University Library's Library Catalogues page will contain map records).

NB Only a small part of Cambridge University Library's map collection is catalogued online. This is the same in many other libraries so bear this in mind when searching their online catalogues. Although now a little outdated the article here may be of interest.

Also see the Map Collections pages on the Map History / History of Cartography site.

Directory of UK Map Collections.

Archives Collections and Catalogues, some of which will include maps:

    Access to Archives (A2A). Catalogues describing archives held locally in England and Wales and dating from the eighth century to the present day.
    Archives Hub. A national gateway to descriptions of archives in UK universities and colleges.
    ARCHON Directory. Includes contact details for record repositories in the United Kingdom.
    Janus. Provides access to catalogues of archives held throughout Cambridge University.

Bodleian Library Map Room. Includes their Accessions and Map Lists. Some map records are included in their online catalogue and their card catalogue is now searcable as an on-line flip-book.
British Geological Survey Library. The Survey's library includes geological mapping from all over the World. Their online catalogue is called ENVIROLIB.

British Library Map Library. The largest publicly accessible map collection in the country. Includes the map collection of the India Office Records. Click for Contact details and Imaging Services. Catalogue records for items in the collections can be found via Explore the British Library (note that the The India Office Records can be searched at Search our Catalogue Archives and Manuscripts). See the Online Gallery for images of maps. The First Atlas of Europe in the Turning the Pages section of their web site might also be of interest.

British Museum. Online catalogue of its collections including prints, drawings and views. Note that the catalogue is not yet complete. Includes images of some items.

Cambridge University Library. One of the six Legal Deposit Libraries. Newton is the Library's online catalogue. Click here for tips on searching Newton for maps and atlases and here for more information on the Map Department collections. [When Newton is unavailable use COPAC where you can limit your search to Cambridge University Library].

Cartesius Project. Various institutions in Belgium are in the process of digitising hundreds of thousands maps, city scapes, aerial photos, orthophotos, sketches and drawings. The Cartesius Project is developing a web portal for this information though it is not yet (September 2014) online. More information available here and here.

CartoMundi. A collaborative project producing a union catalogue of maps and plans of all parts of the world though originally concentrating on Mediterranean countries. Includes written descriptions of maps and map series, graphic indexes and, in the Digital Map Library section, some map images.

COPAC. A union catalogue providing free access to the merged online catalogues of 24 major university research libraries in the UK and Ireland plus the British Library and the National Library of Scotland. Includes map records where available. Note that the online catalogues of the individual libraries will, inevitably, be slightly more current than COPAC. Tips on searching COPAC for maps can be found here.

Early English Books Online. Search for maps using the Advanced Search option. (May not be available outside 'cam' domain).

Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS). A national data service providing access and support for an extensive range of key economic and social data, both quantitative and qualitative, spanning many disciplines and themes. ESDS provides an integrated service offering enhanced support for the secondary use of data across the research, learning and teaching communities. Includes some map data.

Enclosure Maps. Electronic catalogue of enclosure maps of England and Wales (click on the 'search catalogue' button on the left hand side) to accompany the printed book by Roger J. P. Kain, John Chapman, and Richard R. Oliver, The Enclosure Maps of England and Wales, 1595-1918 (Cambridge University Press, 2004). CUL classmark S696.b.200.131.

Eighteenth Century Collections Online. In Advanced Search look for items containing maps. (May not be available outside 'cam' domain).

English Heritage Archives. Online catalogue describing more than a million historical photographs and documents relating to England’s historic buildings and archaeological sites held by the National Monuments Record (NMR), English Heritage’s public archive. Also try the Heritage Gateway for listing information and local historic environment records.

Geological Society. Extensive collection of geological maps and related documents. Non-members are charged for access.

GoGeo. (Previously known as Go-Geo). 'The place to discover geospatial information and services for those in education and research. An online resource discovery tool which allows for the identification and retrieval of records describing the content, quality, condition and other characteristics of geospatial data that exist within UK tertiary education and beyond. The portal supports geospatial searching by interactive map, grid co-ordinates and place name, as well as the more traditional topic or keyword forms of searching'.

Guildhall Library - print and map collections. See London Metropolitan Archives.

History Data Service (HDS). Collects, preserves, and promotes the use of digital resources, which result from or support historical research, learning and teaching. The History Data Service is a successor service to AHDS History which from 1996 to March 2008 was one of the five centres of the Arts and Humanities Data Service. Includes Historic Parishes of England and Wales : an Electronic Map of Boundaries before 1850 with a Gazetteer and Metadata.

IKAR. Database from a consortium of German libraries containing bibliographic records of printed thematic and topographic maps, navigational and celestial charts, town plans, bird´s-eye views, globes, and atlases up to 1850 (world-wide coverage). Records also available through the KVK catalogue (a world-wide union catalogue).

Library of Congress Geography & Map Reading Room. Vast map collection with many map records available in their online catalogue. Also an online Map Collection with map images.

London Metropolitan Archives (LMA) [incorporating the Guildhall Library's prints and maps collection]. Large collection of maps, views, etc. of London with online catalogue for part of collection. Collage, their image databas, includes some maps and views. LMA address is 40 Northampton Road, London EC1R 0HB.

Mining Plans Portal. Search the database of mined areas and mine plans and find out where records are held. Plans themselves are not yet scanned.

National Collection of Aerial Photography. Aerial imagery from around the world some of which is available online.

National Library of Scotland. Extensive collection particularly strong on Scottish mapping. Some map records are included in the online catalogue. Their website includes some useful links and some excellent images of maps of Scotland including the Roy Military Survey of Scotland, 1747-1755 and some Georeferenced maps including Scottish coastal charts, Ordnance Survey 1944-1950 Air Photo Mosaics of Scotland, smaller scale maps of England, Wales, Ireland and Belgium, andtheir holdings of British trench maps of the Western Front at scales of 1:20,000 (GSGS 2742), 1:10,000 (GSGS 3062) and larger. They have scanned, and made available online, all the OS County Series maps for Scotland - 40,120 map sheets as well as the six inch (1:10,560) County Series maps for England and Wales. Use their Ordnance Survey Sheet Records Tool to find sheetlines for large scale OS maps, NLS holdings and, for some of the series, publication dates. National Library of Scotland is also an Ordnance Survey Licensed Partner, and from April 2013 has been able to offer a new service providing copies of in-copyright superseded Ordnance Survey maps for commercial and non-private uses, and is also home of the Bartholomew Archive. The Library's Digital Gallery may also be of interest.

National Library of Wales. Extensive collection with a particular strength in the mapping of Wales.

National Maritime Museum. Strong on charts, maritime atlases and globes. Has an online catalogue (click 'OK' to start new OPAC session). Also look at Online Collections which include images of charts and maps and globes.

Natural History Museum. Extensive collection of geological maps and related documents. World wide coverage. Online catalogue records are also available on COPAC.

Royal Geographical Society. Excellent map collection. Many map records are included in their online catalogue.

ScotlandsPlaces. A joint venture between The National Archives of Scotland (NAS) and the Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland (RCAHMS). This online service includes catalogues and digital copies of maps, plans, photographs and other records from each institution.

ShareGeo. A spatial data repository - a place where researchers, students and lecturers at UK HEFE institutions can deposit data for anyone to download and use. Data held in ShareGeo Open can also be discovered through aggregating search portals such as GoGeo.

Sir John Soane's Museum Online Catalogue. Of particular interest may be the drawings catalogue which includes some plans of buildings, etc. The catalogue includes scanned images of many of the items.

Trinity College Library Dublin. One of the six Legal Deposit Libraries. The excellent map collection is, naturally, strong in Irish materials. Some maps can be found via their online catalogue.

UK Hydrographic Office Archive. Supports the day-to-day operations of the UKHO and is also a place of deposit under the Public Records Act. It contains hundreds of thousands of hydrographic records in varying formats and in different languages. No Online catalogue but have catalogued thousands of documents which have been transferred to The National Archives.

World Soil Survey Archive and Catalogue (WOSSAC). Project aiming to provide a secure home for soil survey reports, maps, imagery and photographs produced by British companies and surveyors overseas over the last 80 years in 250 territories, with a view to ensuring their enduring availability and protection.

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Gateway Sites

Map Curators' Toolbox. Lots of useful links of interest to all map users.

Map History / History of Cartography. THE Gateway to the subject. Lots of invaluable information on, e.g. events, fellowships and prizes, map collecting and collections, online images of maps and much more. Includes section entitled Books to get you into the Subject.

Intute. National JISC-funded free service for UK Higher Education providing access to web resources for education and research. All material is evaluated and selected by a network of subject specialists to create the Intute database. Try searching, for example, for 'cartography'. No new information added since July 2011.

Truckers Report Guide to Maps and Mapping.

Some useful web sites maintained by Map Libraries include:

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Gazetteers and Directories

Also try some of the Street map sites

Archif Melville Richards: place-name database. Welsh place names.

CIA - World Factbook. Country level information and some maps.

Columbia Gazetteer of the World Online. World gazetteer providing simple place name searching as well as more complex searching by type of place, size, etc. Full text searching also possible. Not available outside the University.

Gazetteer for Scotland. Being developed by Bruce Gittings of the University of Edinburgh and the Royal Scottish Geographical Society.

Gazetteers of Scotland 1803-1901. Scottish gazeteers are also available at the Internet Archive.

Gazetteer of British Place Names. From the Association of British Counties. Mainly settlement names.

Genuki. Listing of web-based gazetteers covering the whole of the British Isles. Others covering smaller areas are listed on the relevant country and county pages. Results can be shown on a map. Note that some of the gazetteers are under development.

GeoNames. Geographical database covering all countries and containing over eight million placenames, also lists of highest mountains, largest cities, etc. See on a map or download free of charge.

GEOnet Names Server (GNS). Provides access to over 3 million place names outside of the USA.

Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names. A structured vocabulary containing around 1,000,000 names and other information about places. Includes all continents and nations of the modern political world, as well as historical places, physical features and administrative entities, such as cities and nations.

Geographic Names Information System (GNIS). Contains entries for almost 2,000,000 geographic features in the USA. The site is maintained by the United States Board of Geographic Names and the US Geological Survey, and a nice feature is that you can link from the search results to a map showing the location of the place.

Historical Directories Searchable Digital Library. Digital library of local and trade directories for England and Wales, from 1750 to 1919.

Historical Streets Project. The National Archives is in the process of converting about 300 binders of street indexes to the censuses of England and Wales for 1841-1891 to create an online finding aid within Your Archives. Might be useful for finding building names, etc. BUT the indexes are only available for communities with a population of over 40,000. Use the search box in the top left of the screen.

Irish Ancestors. Search for Irish place-names.

JewishGen. A genealogy website with a 'search for a town' option. The KehilaLinks (formerly ShtetLinks) page may also be useful.

Library of Congress Country Studies. Not really a gazetteer but lots of background information.

Latin Place Names. An online list of Latin place-names and their vernacular equivalents. Also try Orbis Latinus Online.

National Gazetteer of Wales.

Nearby.org.uk. Geographical Search Engine for all things to do with mapping of GB, includes OS trig sources, web mapping site comparison table and an excellent online World co-ord Converter.

Northern Ireland Place-Name Project - Placenames NI. Search for a place names and discover historic names; also search for modern and historic maps from the 1830s. This is an ongoing project.

Northern Ireland - Valuation Revision Books. On the PRONI website. Fully searchable placename index to the Valuation Revision Books (VAL/12/B) covering counties Antrim, Armagh, Down, Fermanagh, Londonderry and Tyrone between the years 1864 to 1933.  In total, c.3,900 volumes were digitally captured, with over 440,000 images now available to view online. No maps.

Ordnance Survey Gazetteer. Search the OS 1:50,000 gazetteer for place names and discover the National Grid reference, OS map number, and view an online map of the area. The search will retrieve Eastings and Northings but if you need latitude and longitude search www.streetmap.co.uk and then scroll down to the bottom of the page on which your map is displayed and click on the link that says: "Click here to convert/measure coordinates". A set of conversion results will then be displayed for that particular search. The Ordnance Survey also provides information on the origin of place names.

Permanent Committee on Geographical Names for British Official Use. Links to a selection of web sites throughout the world dealing with geographical names.

Place Names on the Internet. An extensive set of links provided by Arizona State University.

SACO. Excellent and comprehensive list of online gazetteers made available through the Library of Congress program for Cooperative Cataloging.

Shtetl Seeker (now part of JewishGen). Search by name or location for populated places in Eastern Europe, many of which no longer exist.

Le SPLAF Site sur la Population et les Limites Administratives de la France. Maps, history and gazetteer.

Topographical Dictionary of England, Samuel Lewis (ed.), 1848 (7th ed.). Contains detailed topographical accounts of places, parishes and counties in England. [CUL has several editions available for consultation within the Library]

UK Placename Finder. From Archaeology UK for the communities of field archaeologists, family historians and placename researchers. Provides a number of methods for interrogating the dataset. Search results provide links to a map, aerial photograph and historic and archaeological sites.

Vision of Britain Through Time. An extensive site offering descriptive information on boundary changes as well as images of old maps, census data and travellers' tales.

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History of Cartography

(See also the Dictionaries, Map Collections and Online Catalogues, Online Journals and Online Maps - Old Maps sections of this web page)

Articles in Journals on the History of Cartography. Indexes and lists from the University of Utrecht.

Atlas of Early Printing. An interactive site designed to be used as a tool for teaching the early history of printing in Europe during the second half of the fifteenth century.

CERL Thesaurus. Contains names of persons, corporate bodies, places and printers/publishers recorded in books or other material printed during the hand-press era (1450 - ca. 1830).

Conservation Register. A service provided by the Institute of Conservation which helps you find information on accredited conservator-restorers in the UK and Ireland.

From the portolan chart of the Mediterranean to the latitude chart of the Atlantic : cartometric analysis and modeling. Doctoral thesis, 2010, by Joaquim Filipe Figueiredo Alves Gaspar.

History of Cartography Project. 'A research, editorial, and publishing venture drawing international attention to the history of maps and mapping'. The Project's major work is the multi-volume History of Cartography series [CUL classmark S696.b.079] the first three volumes of which are now (May 2013) available online.

ICA Commission on the History of Cartography.

International Commission for the History of Towns (ICHT).

Kunstpedia. An online source on non-printed reference material, on the subject of historical maps & cartography. See, for example, the results for a search on the word 'maps'.

MapAnalyst. "A software for the accuracy analysis of old maps. Its main purpose is to compute distortion grids and other types of visualizations that illustrate the geometrical accuracy and distortion of old maps".

Map History / History of Cartography. THE Gateway to the subject. Lots of invaluable information on, e.g. events, fellowships and prizes, map collecting and collections, online images of maps and much more. Includes sections entitled: Books to get you into the Subject; Web articles: People; Special topics: People; how to tell a fake or forgery, and much more.

Map History Directory. Online directory of researchers interested in any aspect of map history. Also includes a bibliography of publications relating to map history.

Maphist.com. Open information project for Map History.

Mapping of New York State: A study in the history of cartography. By David Yehling Allen. Preliminary publication, which is undergoing continuous revision.

New Landscapes: Enclosure in Berkshire. Maps and land awards on this site show the process of enclosing the common fields of the county of Berkshire between 1738 and 1883. Lots of background information on enclosure.

Palaeography. From The National Archives - a web tutorial to help you learn to read the handwriting found in documents written in English between 1500 and 1800. See also Some Notes on Medieval English Genealogy - Handwriting and Language Guide.

Petrol Maps. Mapping the history of oil company road maps in Europe. Packed with information and illustrations. Includes section on dating oil company road maps.

Rodney Shirley Corrigenda & Addenda to The Mapping Of The World (TMOTW). The classmark for the Map Department copy of this book is S696.a.200.4. and it is available on the Map Room Reference Shelves.

'Silk maps'. Information about US cloth maps of WWII.

Watermarks - The Piccard Collection and see also here to search the catalogue.

Watermarks - The Thomas L. Gravell Watermark Archive.

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Dating a Map

Date Codes for Maps. From the Western Association of Map Libraries website. Mainly American publishers but includes Geographia and Geographers A-Z maps.

Dating a Map. From Map Curators' Toolbox. Including Geographia Limited and Bartholomew maps.

How Old is Your Globe? From Replogle Globes. A list of name-changes for countries with dates.

Johnson U.S. Map Project. Data set of the changes in Johnson's U.S. and state maps which will allow the user of this website to definitively date the publication of any loose map from these atlases.

List of world map changes. This is a Wikipedia page so should be used with caution but it may provide a useful starting point.

Michelin Maps. This site also has sections on covers and advertisements. See also the how to date roadmaps page of the ACGCM website.

Petrol Maps. Mapping the history of oil company road maps in Europe. Includes section on dating oil company road maps.

Rand McNally and Gousha maps. On the website of the Road Map Collectors Association. More detailed information is available to members only.

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Dictionaries and Translations

Cartographic
Language (including OED) and translation
Biographical

Cartographic:

Language:

    Bab.la. Translations for many different languages.
    Leo. German / English dictionary.
    Lexilogos. A variety of French-English dictionaries, including some old ones (e.g. 17th century).
    Names of printing towns. From the Cathedral Libraries Catalogue, English or other vernacular forms for the Latin names of printing towns as found in early printed books.

Biographical:

    British Book Trade Index (BBTI). An index of the names and brief biographical details and trade details of people who worked in the book trade in England and Wales and who were trading by 1851.

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Scales, Distances, Triangulation, Projections, Grids, Latitude and Longitude

Coordinates, Grids, Datums, Projections
Distance Calculators
Scales and Measurements
Ordnance Survey, Trig Points, Accuracy, etc


Coordinates, Grids, Datums, Projections (see also Ordnance Survey section) :

    ArcGIS Desktop - List of Supported Map Projections.

    Blue Marble Geographics. Coordinate conversion software and map data. Mostly for purchase though a few products are free.

    The "Coordinates Translator". Conversion from "British Modified System" coordinates, for example LZ1/vX962494, towards more "conventional" geographical coordinates (Latitude/Longitude).

    GeoRepository. A web application and tool for searching and displaying geodetic parameters from a range of data sources and authorities.

    GPS Utility. The program converts between different map datums and many coordinate formats (Lat/Long, UTM/UPS, country grids etc.).

    Grids & Datums. Articles published by the American Society for Photogrammetry & Remote Sensing. Each article covers a different country.

    Latitude and Longitude Lookup. Links to other web sites for looking up or finding your latitude and longitude. Also a Decimal to Minutes-Seconds converter.

    Map Projections. Lots of useful information. The site was inspired by a seminar in map projections in the Geography Department, Hunter College, City University of New York.

    Map Projections. Created by Laurie A. B. Garo for the Cartographic Working Group and a module of the Virtual Geography Department, at the Department of Geography, University of Colorado at Boulder.

    Map Projections. Compiled by Paul B. Anderson a member of the International Cartographic Association's Commission on Map Projections.

    Map Projections: a working manual. By John Snyder. Available to download via the USGS website.

    MapTools. Provides GPS users with the tools and knowledge to fully utilize geographic coordinates. MapTools produces grids, corner rulers, roamers, and rulers to assist with plotting or measuring positions on many different scales of maps, some of which can be downloaded for free.

    Mapthematics.com - Geocart Projections.

    NeoProgrammics.com. Compute the exact value of the obliquity of the ecliptic (and therefore the positions of the Tropics and the Polar Circles) for any given date.

    Picture Gallery of Map Projections. Compiled by the Research Group, Differential Geometry and Geometric Structures.

    Map Projection Publications from USGS.

    MapRef. The Internet Collection of MapProjections and Reference Systems in Europe by Stefan A. Voser.

    Octahedral Butterfly Map of the World. First published in 1909 by Bernard J.S. Cahill this website presents some of Cahill's articles, papers, and Butterfly map variants, which he continued to develop during four decades until 1940.

    OGP Surveying and Positioning Committee. Maintains a list of coordinate systems in use round the world.

    The World Coordinate Converter (TWCC). A tool to convert geodetic coordinates in a wide range of reference systems. Free and no download or special installation required.

    Watching Time - A Guide to Time Zones. Includes information on longitude, latitude and grids.

Distance Calculators:

Scales and Measurements :

Ordnance Survey, Trig Points, Accuracy, etc.:

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Online Maps - Old Maps

(See also Map Collections and Online Catalogues section above and the Images of Early Maps on the Web section of the Map History / History of Cartography website)

QUICK LINK:

London Maps


American Memory Maps. From the Library of Congress.

Alan Godfrey Maps. Sells facsimiles of old Ordnance Survey maps. Cannot view maps online but can see index diagrams.

Bibliothèque nationale de France - Gallica-BNF.

Blaeu Atlas. The Toonneel des Aerdrycks, ofte Nieuwe Atlas of 1659, 6 volumes including the texts.

The Book of Curiosities of the Sciences and Marvels for the Eyes. Digital version of this medieval Arabic treatise on the depiction of the Heavens and the Earth that was acquired by the Bodleian Library in 2002.

British History Online. Six inch (1:10,560) Ordnance Survey County Series maps for Great Britain. Published 1844-1899. Some 25 inch (1:2,500) Ordnance Survey maps for large cities. Search by place name or via graphic indexes. 6” and 25” maps legends are also available. Can also view corresponding modern map and link to satellite view. Also 7th, 1848, edition of Samuel Lewis' Topographical dictionary of England.

Broer Map Library historic map index (search engine). An index to many of the largest collections of online digital historic maps with a search engine to help users find online historic maps that users can view online.

Cartographic Images. Images of maps from 6,200 B.C. to 1800.

CartoMundi. A collaborative project producing a union catalogue of maps and plans of all parts of the world though originally concentrating on Mediterranean countries. Includes written descriptions of maps and map series, graphic indexes and, in the Digital Map Library section, some map images.

Catalonia - Map Library Digital Collections. Maps of Catalonia, Spain and other parts of the world.

Cheshire - e-mapping Victorian Cheshire: Cheshire's Tithe Maps Online.

David Rumsey Collection. Extensive collection of scanned images of historic maps which may be reproduced and transmitted for non-commercial use. Interesting article about the project here.

Devon - Printed Maps of Devon. Internet version of the revised second edition of The Printed Maps of Devon: county maps 1575-1837 by Francis Bennett and Kit Batten [CUL classmark S696.b.99.138]

Digimap. Online service run by EDINA that delivers Ordnance Survey Map Data to UK Tertiary Education. The data is available either for download to use with appropriate application software such as GIS or CAD, or as maps generated by Digimap online. You need to be a registered user to progress beyond the general information pages. Since May 2005 Digimap has included historic as well as current Ordnance Survey map data. Click here for more information on subscribing to Digimap at Cambridge University.

Digital Archives Association. Produces high resolution images of historical maps on CD-ROM.

Digital Wisdom Inc. Antique Maps of the World on CD-ROM.

English Jurisdictions 1851. Displays boundaries of different types for administrative units of 1851. Hosted by the Family Search website.

Europeana.com. Explore the digital resources of Europe's museums, libraries, archives and audio-visual collections. Includes maps.

Faden's Map of Norfolk - digitally redrawn. View compressed images online or order a printed copy [CUL's copy is atMaps.aa.20.G.13-19]. Tom Williamson and Andrew Macnair have also written a book on the map [CUL classmark: S696.c.201.17].

France - Geoportal. Online mapping facility including modern and historic mapping.

Game of Goose - Giochi dell'Oca. Some of the printed board games shown on this site have a cartographic base.

Genmaps. Old maps of the counties of England, Wales and Scotland.

Geologic Atlas of the United States. Published by USGS between 1894 and 1945.

GeoWeb. Collection of over 29,000 cartographic and graphic images, with bibliographical details, available either in low resolution or high resolution with a digital watermark from the Biblioteca Nazionale Marciana, Venice. There is also a list of their manuscript maps.

Gough Map. A zoomable, panable digital version of the Gough Map - which is believed to date from around 1360 - that is fully searchable and browseable by place name (current and medieval), and also by geographical features. Information regarding a location's geographical appearance, etymology, appearance on earlier maps, and much, much more is also revealed. Includes a series of essays.

Hereford Mappa Mundi. Excellent images with many ways to eplore the map.

Heritage Cartography. 19th century British town plans usually redrawn from Ordnance Survey maps. Limited viewing possible on website from which copies can be purchased.

Historic Cities. Maps, literature, documents, books and other relevant material concerning the past, present and future of historic cities.

Historic County Borders Project. The project is digitising the borders of the historic counties of the United Kingdom at a scale of 1:100000 and making them available for public and commercial use. Includes a downloadable file containing all boundary data. [Note that county borders have changed over time].

Holy Land Maps. Maps from the Eran Laor Collection.

Ireland - Down Survey Project. Taken in the years 1656-1658, the Down Survey of Ireland is the first ever detailed land survey on a national scale anywhere in the world. Copies of these maps have survived in dozens of libraries and archives throughout Ireland and Britain, as well as in the National Library of France. This Project has brought together for the first time in over 300 years all the surviving maps, digitised them and made them available as a public online resource.

Ireland - Griffith's Valuation. Ireland's Valuation Office conducted its first survey of property ownership in Ireland from 1847  to 1864. This survey became known as "Griffith's Valuation" after Richard Griffith who was the Director of the Office at that time. It is one of the most important surviving 19th century genealogical sources. The survey was used to determine the amount of tax each person should pay towards the support of the poor within their poor law union. This involved determining the value of all privately held lands and buildings in rural as well as urban areas to figure the rate at which each unit of property could be rented year after year. The resulting survey was arranged by barony and civil parish with an index to the townlands appearing in each volume. On the website, identify occupants and display the maps.

Ireland - Ordnance Survey Ireland. Access to historic digitised maps from Ordnance Survey Ireland published 1837-1913, plus recent aerial photographs and street map. Excludes Northern Ireland. Includes access to Lewis' 'Topographical Dictionary of Ireland' - a gazetteer - published in 1837.

Ireland - Valuation Revision Books. On the PRONI website. Fully searchable placename index to the Valuation Revision Books (VAL/12/B) covering counties Antrim, Armagh, Down, Fermanagh, Londonderry and Tyrone between the years 1864 to 1933.  In total, c.3,900 volumes were digitally captured, with over 440,000 images now available to view online. No maps.

Japan - Cortazzi Map Collection. Housed in the Sainsbury Institute for the Study of Japanese Arts and Cultures in Norwich.

Lincs to the Past. Integrated catalogues from Lincolnshire Archives, Tennyson Research Centre, libraries, museums and the Historic Environment Record, together with online exhibitions highlighting collections, learning resources, and more than 500,000 images, documenting thousands of years of Lincolnshire history.  Digitised documents include parish registers, probate inventories and maps.

London Maps:

Manchester University Online Map Collection. Includes Manchester Blitz maps.

Maphist.com. Open information project for Map History. Includes images of maps.

MapRef. An online source on non-printed reference material - including images - on the subject of historical maps & cartography.

Mapseeker. Reproductions of historical maps for purchase as prints, jigsaws, etc. Includes many Collins Bartholomew maps.

National Library of Australia Digital Collections.

National Library of Scotland. The extensive online collection of maps of Scotland is being increasingly augmented by maps of other areas including six-inch Ordnance Survey maps of England and World War I trench maps.

National Maritime Museum - Collections Online.

Netherlands - National Atlas. Internet version of the printed second edition and a trial version of the interactive third edition.

Network Rail Virtual Archive. Includes drawings by Isambard Kingdom Brunel, blueprints by Robert Stephenson and designs by Joseph Locke, William Henry Barlow and others.

New Landscapes: Enclosure in Berkshire. Maps and land awards on this site show the process of enclosing the common fields of the county of Berkshire between 1738 and 1883. Lots of background information on enclosure.

New Popular Edition Maps. 1-inch Ordnance Survey series from the 1940s (or thereabouts), making it the most complete and recent out-of-copyright mapping. Has a postcode-collecting interface.

New York Public Library - Digital Gallery.

Norfolk County Council Historic Maps Online.

Norman B. Leventhal Map Center at the Boston Public Library. "Established to provide free worldwide public access to an extraordinary collection of more than 200,000 original historic maps and 5,000 atlases that will be integrated with the technologies of Geographic Information Systems through its programs, exhibits, lectures and website".

Northern Ireland Place-Name Project - Placenames NI. Search for a place names and also for modern and historic maps from the 1830s. This is an ongoing project.

oldaerialphotos.com. Historical UK aerial photography from the 40s to the 90s. Search for your area of interest by postcode, street name, city or grid reference. Photos are available for purchase BUT cannot see preview, even when you register.

Old MapsOnline Portal. An easy-to-use gateway to historical maps in libraries around the world. Background information can be found at OldMapsOnline.org. - a research project which aims to develop software to assist in the management, manipulation and visualisation of historical map collections on the web. Provides free software and tutorials for online publishing of your scanned maps on your own hardware infrastructure - either as pre-rendered tiles (Zoomify) or in a dynamic form directly from your TIFF / JPEG2000 images. The software is open-source.

old-maps.co.uk. County Series Ordnance Survey mapping online.

Old Hampshire Mapped. Historical maps of Hampshire.

Old Sussex Mapped. Historical maps of the County of Sussex.

OpenStreetMap Out of Copyright Maps. Includes 1:50,000 [i.e. 1:63,360) and 1:25,000 Ordnance Survey maps. Coverage is not always complete.

Ordnance Survey Books of Reference for Scotland, 1850s-1880s. 22 volumes of OS Books of Reference to the first edition 25 inch maps. For scans of the maps see the National Library of Scotland's website.

Ordnance Survey Old Series One Inch Maps. From the collections of the National Library of Australia. Published between 1805 and 1873. Also New Series published 1864 to 1898.

Osher Map Library. Plenty of map images and lots of other information too.

Polish Mapping 1919-1939.

Princeton University Library Digital Collections - Maps. Over 300,000 maps and charts, aerial photographs, and satellite images accessible online. The digital maps and geospatial data can be searched, browsed, viewed, and downloaded.

Ryhiner Collection. Click on 'Visit Group'. Over 16,000 high resolution images: maps, town plans and topographical views from the 16th to the early 19th century. A printed description of the items in the collection, plus an index, can be found at CUL classmark S696.b.200.254-257.

S & N Genealogy Supplies. Plenty of cartographic CDs avaiable for purchase.

UNESCO World Digital Library. Includes pictures of antiquarian maps as well as other illustrations.

Virginia Company Archives: first Contacts and the Atlantic World. The Ferrar Papers, 1590-1790, from Magdalene College Cambridge. Includes maps. Available on campus without passwords and off-campus with a Raven ID and password (off-campus users should follow the link marked 'The UK Access Management Federation' and not Athens).

Vision of Britain Through Time. An extensive site offering descriptive information on boundary changes as well as images of old maps, census data and travellers' tales.

Wenceslaus Hollar Digital Collection. Featuring over 2500 of the prints of Wenceslaus Hollar (1607-1677) including maps, portraits and historical prints.

Wojskowy Instytut Geograficzny 1919 - 1939 Map Archive. Non-commercial project with scans of maps and geographic materials published by the Wojskowy Instytut Geograficzny (WIG), Poland. Includes non-WIG mapping. The maps are mostly of Poland but maps of neighbouring areas are also included.

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Online Maps - Modern, Digital, GIS, Route Finders

(See also sections on Producers of Current Maps and the Department of Geography and Department of Earth Sciences entries above and Information Sheets 1D to 1F and GoGeo and ShareGeo )

QUICK LINKS:

Geographic Information System (GIS) Tools and Map Making Software - Open Source
Outline Maps
Soil Maps
Stand Alone Mapping for Your PC, etc
Street Maps, Road Maps and Route Finding



About.com. Outline maps, statistics, and much more.

Aerial Photos (UK) Modern and historical aerial photographs for purchase.

AfricaMap. 50+ mappable layers for African data.

Alexandria Digital Library (ADL). A distributed digital library with collections of georeferenced materials.

Ancient World Mapping Centre. Plenty of free maps of the ancient world in various formats. Includes some outline maps.

archatlas. 3rd ed. January 2008. Electronic atlas of archaeology. Lots of satellite images but also some maps.

Arctic maritime jurisdiction map. From the International Boundaries Research Unit.

Blue Marble Geographics - World Map Data. Download a free dataset that includes country, capital and population information in either ESRI shapefile or MapInfo TAB format.

British Geological Survey. See Make-a-Map for a very generalised view of the geology, etc. of Great Britain. More detailed maps(1:625,000 and 1:50,000 scales) can be found via the Geology of Britain Viewer. For geological map data go to DigMapGB. NEW March 2013! Scans of Old Series one inch geological solid and drift maps for England and Wales, Scotland and Ireland are also available online. Or see the Interactive Geology Map of Anglesey.

Cambodia : Atlas of Cambodia. 'Created to provide civil society, government institutions, development partners and the public at large with information on the state of the environment and natural resources in Cambodia and related social and economic issues. Data is based on data collected during the programme period from a number of the Danida funded projects during 2001-2006'.

CasWeb. Web interface to statistics and related information from the United Kingdom Census of Population. Available to any member of a UK Higher or Further Academic Institution. Registration required.

Census Support. From the UK Data Service Census Support team, this site replaces the old ESRC Census Portal and provides access to a range of census-related resources.

CIA - World Factbook. Country level information and some maps.

Cities Revealed Online. Aerial photography - some preview imagery available for free before you buy.

Collins Bartholomew. Find out about their map data products (available to purchase) and also look at the Internet Mapping section where you can view small scale maps of the whole World.

Digimap. Online service run by EDINA that delivers Ordnance Survey Map Data to UK Tertiary Education. The data is available either for download to use with appropriate application software such as GIS or CAD, or as maps generated by Digimap online. You need to be a registered user to progress beyond the general information pages. Since May 2005 Digimap has included historic as well as current Ordnance Survey map data. Click here for more information on subscribing to Digimap at Cambridge University. Digimap OpenStream is a web service delivering OS OpenData to the UK academic sector using open standard WMS technology (access is not restricted to Digimap users, although a one-off online registration is required)

Digital Chart of the World. A comprehensive 1:1,000,000 scale vector basemap of the world. For further information click here. Please note that it is not possible to print from or download data onto the Map Department PC.

Digital Map Library. Maintained by the Library of the Earth Sciences Department of Cambridge University.

Earthpulse. From National Geographic. 'A Visual Guide to Global Trends'.

EDINA. Geographic data - mostly British map and statistical data - is available from EDINA. Also has links to other useful sites.

Election Maps. Maps of electoral boundaries of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.

EPS Maps. Download JPG maps for free or download other formats for a fee. A website from Netmaps.

Environment Agency Maps - Including Flood Map. Find out if your house is in an area liable to flood!

EuroGlobalMap. A seamless digital topographic dataset for Europe at the scale 1:1 Million. You may licence "European" coverage or individual countries.

Exploring Abroad. Simple maps of continents and some countries plus information on currency, language, flags, etc.

France - Code Officiel Géographique. Small scale maps and statistics for French administrative areas.

France - Geoportal. Online mapping facility including modern and historic mapping.

GeoCommunity. "THE place for the Geographic Information Systems (GIS), CAD, Mapping, and Location-Based industry professionals, enthusiasts, and students to gather". GIS online portal and daily publication.

GeoGenealogy: Geography for Genealogists. An article by Alan E. Mann, written in 2006, on ways of providing useful geographic information over the web through geocoding, geotagging, and mashups.

GeoGratis. Portal provided by the Earth Sciences Sector (ESS) of Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) which provides geospatial data for Canada at no cost via your Web browser.

Geology.com. Online reference maps and Landsat images, e.g. of U.S. states and countries of the world.

GeospatialArt. By Nikolas R. Schiller an experimental cartographer living in Washington, DC.

Gigateway. Was decommissioned in 2011 and replaced with a new revised service under the UK Location Programme.

Geographic Information System (GIS) Tools and Map Making Software - Open Source and others:

    Arc GIS Online. GIS Lite! Create a free account. Upload your own data or access a collection of basemaps, demographic maps, image services, and data from the authoritative content from commercial data providers and the GIS user communities around the world.

    Arc GIS Explorer Desktop. GIS Lite! Free easy to use GIS program from ESRI. You can choose a basemap and add local data such as KMLs, shapefiles, geodatabases, rasters, or locations from a spreadsheet. Users can also access mapping services such as ArcIMS or WMS

    Cartogrammar. Browse cartograms and download from a Cartogram Gallery, create and customise new cartograms, download cartogram API documentation, download HTML required to embed cartogram production into your own website.

    Free Mapping Tools (previously known as 'FreeGIS.org.') Digital mapping data translators for GIS and other mapping utilities.

    GeoCommons. A library of publicly available data sets with user-friendly, web-based mapmaking tool. USA emphasis but is data for other countries. Upload data and make a map tools.

    Geospatial Analysis: a comprehensive guide to principles, techniques and software tools. Website, book, ebook.

    GeoTools. Free GIS and mapping tools.

    GMapCreator. A freeware application designed to make thematic mapping using Google Maps simpler. From the Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis is a (CASA), University College London.

    GMT. "Open source collection of ~60 tools for manipulating geographic and Cartesian data sets (including filtering, trend fitting, gridding, projecting, etc.) and producing Encapsulated PostScript File (EPS) illustrations."

    GRASS. Desktop GIS tool. Free, open source and available for Windows, Mac OSX and Linux.

    Grime. GIS related news and downloads.

    gvSIG. Open source GIS software.

    Inkscape. Open Source vector graphics editor, with capabilities similar to Illustrator, CorelDraw, or Xara X, using the W3C standard Scalable Vector Graphics (SVG) file format, i.e. it will help you to make maps!

    London Profiler. Website that enables users to build up a picture of the geo-demographics of Greater London. Created with GMap Creator.

    MAGIRT Map & Geospatial Resources.

    makeaclickablemap.com

    MapServer. Open Source platform for publishing spatial data and interactive mapping applications to the web.

    MapTogether. The MapTogether project provides free map-related training and tools for community and nonprofit groups around the world. Their Illustrated Guide to Nonprofit GIS and Online Mapping is useful introduction to GIS and GIS tools and mapping.

    MapMe.com. GIS Lite! Users can customized maps by adding points, labels, lines, images, then share their product with others via URLs or widgets.

    MapWindow. "A free, extensible, geographic information system (GIS) that can be used: as an alternative desktop GIS, to distribute data to others, to develop and distribute custom spatial data analyses."

    OpenLayers. "Makes it easy to put a dynamic map in any web page".

    Planiglobe. Maps at 1:1,000,000. Add places, etc.

    Public Profiler. A range of spatial information tools for profiling the public, the public sector and commerce.

    Quantum GIS Project (QGIS). Open Source Geographic Information System (GIS).

    Quick Task Sheets. From Iowa State University Extension and Outreach Geospatial Technology Program. Provide quick, easy instruction on performing specific tasks in ArcGIS. New sheets added regularly.

    Scribble Maps. GIS Lite! Free! Enable users to create customized maps online.

    Sketchmap (previously known as 'Find Free Maps.co.uk'). Create and customize your own maps. UK only. Includes geology layers and information from organisations such as RSPB and Natural England.

    Social Source Commons GIS Toolbox. User maintained directory of GIS tools, websites and services.

    uDig. "User-friendly desktop Internet GIS".

Global Mapping Project. "Digital geographic information in 1 km resolution covering the earth's surface with standardized specifications and available to everyone at marginal cost". World coverage not complete but growing.

Google Earth. "Google Earth lets you fly anywhere on Earth to view satellite imagery, maps, terrain, 3D buildings, from galaxies in outer space to the canyons of the ocean. You can explore rich geographical content, save your toured places, and share with others". [Sorry: it is not possible to download the required software onto the PC in the Map Room].

Google Maps UK. Search by place name, street, post code for online maps in GB and all other parts of the world. Use the 'My Maps' facility to make your own maps. Map Adventures with Google is an article by Kimberly Powell which may help to get you started making your own maps.

Go Trekkers. Downloadable international maps. There is a charge!

Green Map System. A locally adaptable, globally shared framework for environmental mapmaking. Locally created maps that chart the natural and cultural environment.

Historical GIS of Europe (HGISE). Information on borders, transport infrastructures, urbanisation and population. Can save maps as images.

Historical U.S. County Boundary Maps. Boundaries from any historical year, overlaid on Google Maps. Quickly search using any present-day address or place. You can click any county on the map to see the specific history of the boundary changes, and navigate through different years to see the boundary changes over time.

Historical World Boundary Maps. Political Boundaries from from 2000 BC through 2008 AD, overlaid on Google Maps. Quickly search using any present-day city or place. You can click any country on the map to see effective date of the then-current boundaries, and navigate through different years to see the boundary changes over time.

International Steering Committee for Global Mapping (ISCGM). Established in February 1996 to foster the development of Global Mapping and to coordinate the creation of a group of global geographic data sets of known and verified quality, with consistent specifications open to the public.

Index Maps for AMS / U.S. Army Map Service and GSGS / Great Britain. War Office. General Staff. Geographical Section Map Series.

Inuit trails - Pan Inuit Trails. Atlas provides a synoptic view (although certainly incomplete) of Inuit mobility and occupancy of Arctic waters, coasts and lands, including its icescapes, as documented in written historical records (maps of trails and place names).

Infoterra. A major supplier of satellite imagery.

Landmap. Web-based access to spatial data and learning materials for UK Higher Education and Further Education. Landmap's optical, thermal, radar, elevation and feature collections give a combination of remotely sensed imagery and spatial data information unique in UK academia. Free-of-charge to the UK academic community.

Land Registry. "The world's largest property database". Property information for England and Wales. This is a charged service and no maps can be seen online.

Linguistic Atlas of Late Mediaeval English (eLALME). A revised version of the printed atlas first published in 1986 (Atlas.5.98.151-154 ).

Magic. Multi-Agency Geographic Information for the Countryside of Great Britain. Definitive rural designation boundaries and information about rural land-based schemes.

MapAtlas.org. Small scale maps for many parts of the world.

Mapland England and Wales. Hire a walk-over 1:50,000 scale Ordnance Survey map of England and Wales (Scotland also available).

MapMyLondon: Londoners memories. An emotional map of London.

MapQuest. General country maps as well as maps of cities and towns for all parts of the world though they vary considerably in the amount of detail shown.

Maps of India. A range of thematic mapping - mostly small scale - for viewing online and purchasing.

mapvu data. Digital maps of Great Britain for purchase from Lovell Johns, providers of cartographic and GIS services as well as map and data products.

Mapping Medieval Townscapes: a digital atlas of the new towns of Edward I. The atlas uses mapping as a medium to explore how urban landscapes were shaped in the middle ages in England and Wales. Delivered by the ADS using innovative Web GIS technologies 'this project represents a significant new resource for all scholars and students of the medieval period, as well as those concerned with interpreting and managing historic built environments'.

National Atmospheric Emissions Inventory (NAEI). Maps of Great Britain showing the distribution of various pollutants in 2006 (published in 2008). Point source data can be downloaded.

National Digital Archive of Datasets (NDAD). Preserves and provides online access to archived digital datasets and documents from UK central government departments. Not all map data but may be of interest.

National Geographic. Try the Xpeditions site for printer friendly country and regional maps.

National Statistics. Government site providing statistical data which can be represented in cartographic form.

Netherlands - National Atlas. Internet version of the printed second edition and a trial version of the interactive third edition.

North Sea Geographical Information System. Created by the Oil and Gas Directorate of the Department of Trade and Industry to provide a geophysical and licensing analysis of the United Kingdom's oil and gas exploration. Available from the National Archives, the dataset is open to the public without restriction.

Noise Mapping of England. Noise maps produced by Defra. Interactive maps for agglomerations; pdf maps for other areas. Information about and noise maps of Wales and Scotland.

OpenCycleMap. Cycling specific project based on the OpenStreetMap database. Includes shaded contour maps.

Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC). A non-profit, international, voluntary consensus standards organization that is leading the development of standards for geospatial and location based services.

OpenStreetMap. "A project aimed squarely at creating and providing free geographic data such as street maps to anyone who wants them". A collaborative, open source project to develop free geographic data like street maps using both manually entered data and automatic data collection and collation from portable GPS devices. Includes Ordnance Survey 1:50,000 and 1:25,000 Ordnance Survey maps at OpenStreetMap Out of Copyright Maps.

Ordnance Survey: 'Get-a-map' - maps up to 1:25,000 scale for the whole of Great Britain ; or try the new Getamap service with its route planning facility (requires Microsoft Silverlight to be installed and a subscription for full functionality). Free downloadable GB maps. New in 2010, OS OpenData - provides access to a selection of the most detailed mapping datasets available for Great Britain. (Digimap OpenStream is a web service delivering OS OpenData to the UK academic sector using open standard WMS technology; access is not restricted to Digimap users although a one-off online registration is required). OS OpenSpace API - " lets developers create amazing web applications and online projects with Ordnance Survey maps".

Outline Maps:

    About.com. Outline maps, and much more.

    Ancient World Mapping Centre. Plenty of free maps of the ancient world in various formats. Includes some outline maps.

    A to Z Maps Online. CUL does not have a subscription to this service, but many of the resources are freely available elsewhere.

    Digital Vector Maps. Free outline maps of US states in editable PDF format. Other maps are available to purchase. All are royalty-free.

    Digital Chart of the World. A comprehensive 1:1,000,000 scale vector basemap of the world. For further information click here. Please note that it is not possible to print from or download data onto the Map Department PC.

    d-maps.com. Several thousand outline maps of countries and regions, in various versions (blank, with rivers, with towns, with administrative units etc) , each one in 6 graphic formats, vector and raster (GIF, PDF, CDR, SVG, AI, WMF).

    Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Maps (mainly of continents; includes some thematic world maps) may be printed and copied for personal or classroom use.

    Ordnance Survey. Free downloadable GB maps.

    Orr & Associates. Free versions of the Digital Chart of the World and a World Map with country outlines at 1:250k can be downloaded from their website.

    University of Alabama - Contemporary Maps. Outline maps for printing.

    Utah State Archives. Has archived its geospatial data. Some data sets have multiple versions for different years, available as a geodatabase, shapefile, or geoPDF.

    World Atlas. Includes outline maps and map tests.

Paleomap Project. Illustrates the plate tectonic development of the ocean basins and continents, as well as the changing distribution of land and sea during the past 1100 million years.

Perry-Castañeda Library Map Collection. Large collection of online maps including CIA maps.

People's Map Project. Provides free access for private & personal use (and selected groups such as charities, schools, hospitals) to the air photos (25cm), out of copyright OS and the PM map itself (Britain and Ireland just now, elsewhere later), but is currently (February 2012) offline.

Planiglobe. Make your own digital vector map.

Planning Portal. The UK Government's online planning and building regulations resource where it is possible to create a site location plan.

Quick Maps. Small GIF maps of countries of the world.

Railway Maps of European Countries.

Scottish Noise Mapping. Scottish Government maps produced in response to the European Parliament Environmental Noise Directive (END).

Skeleton Map. A collaboration between the Museum of London and The Times this electronic map allows users to pinpoints the location of many of the 37,000 skeletons the museum found in the capital.

Soil Maps:

    National Soil Resources Institute, Cranfield (NSRI). Soil maps, digital and paper, of England and Wales. See the LandIS, the 'Land Information System' a substantial environmental information system operated by Cranfield University, UK, designed to contain soil and soil-related information for England and Wales including spatial mapping of soils at a variety of scales. SoilScapes Viewer, is a free online interactive simplified soil map for England and Wales. The Soils Site Reporter is an online soil reporting tool for which there may be a charge (some reports are available free to authorised undergraduates). More detailed Soil Datasets are also available for lease from NSRI.

    Macaulay Institute. Publishers of soil, land use and land capability maps, digital and paper, of Scotland. For map sales click here.

    Harmonized World Soil Database. A 30 arc-second raster database with over 15000 different soil mapping units that combines existing regional and national updates of soil information worldwide (SOTER, ESD, Soil Map of China, WISE) with the information contained within the 1:5 000 000 scale FAO-UNESCO Soil Map of the World (FAO, 19711981).


Stand Alone Mapping for Your PC, etc:

    Anquet. "Easy to use route planning tools with digital maps for PCs, Pocket PCs and Smartphones". UK specific.

    Tracklogs Digital Mapping. Ordnance Survey Digital Mapping on CDROM.

    Quo. The "essential digital mapping software for outdoor pursuits" from Mapyx. Mapping from Ordnance Surveys of Ireland, Northern Ireland and GB.

    MemoryMap. Topographic and other maps for UK and other parts of the world.

    Fugawi. UK and overseas mapping available.

Street Maps, Road Maps and Route Finding:

    AA. Route planning in Great Britain, Ireland and continental Europe.

    Bing Maps. Maps (including Ordnance Survey maps), aerial photographs, directions, latitude and longitude, etc.

    CycleStreets. UK wide cycle journey planner and cycling related images.

    Google Maps UK. Search by place name, street, post code for online maps in GB and all other parts of the world.

    Green Flag. Includes a European route planner.

    Live Search Maps. Road maps and aerial photographs for GB and many parts of the world. Bird's Eye View aerial photographs for many areas including GB.

    Map24. Street and road maps of GB and countries in Europe. Search by street, postcode or town. Also has a route planning facility.

    MapQuest. Search by address, postcode and latitute and longitude.

    Maps.com. Route finding for USA plus online map store.

    Multimap. Maps and route finding for Great Britain and many parts of the World.

    OpenCycleMap. Cycling specific project based on the OpenStreetMap database. Includes shaded contour maps.

    OpenStreetMap. "A project aimed squarely at creating and providing free geographic data such as street maps to anyone who wants them". A collaborative, open source project to develop free geographic data like street maps using both manually entered data and automatic data collection and collation from portable GPS devices. Includes Ordnance Survey 1:50,000 and 1:25,000 Ordnance Survey maps at OpenStreetMap Out of Copyright Maps.

    Searoutefinder. Measures port-to-port distances all over the world. To see the route details, choose the desired port of load- and discharge, and input other vessel specific data.

    Streetmap. Street maps and some aerial photographs of Great Britain. Search by name, post code, telephone code, etc.

    UK Grid Reference Finder. Search by location, post code, grid reference or latitude and longitude. Hover over pins on map, or right click on map, to find location, post code, grid reference or latitude and longitude of locations. See location as a map, aerial view of bird's eye view.

    Walkit.com. Online route planner for getting around cities - including Cambridge - on foot. Will calculate distance, journey time, calories burnt, Co2 emissions saved.

    Where's the path. Compare OS maps with Google Earth images on a split screen. Plot a route and measure distances.

Subway Maps. Subway / Metro maps from around the world. Similar information also avaiable at urbanrail.net.

Subway Smell Map - New York City.

TerraServer. Archive of USGS topographic maps and aerial photographs available for free download. These Guidelines may also be useful.

TopoZone. Scanned USGS maps providing an interactive topo map of the entire United States.

Tranquillity Maps of England. Commissioned by CPRE. Highly detailed national tranquillity map based on a new measurement approach (October 2006).

Travel Maps by Travel Portal.info. A site map with links to country maps, capital city maps and other map collections.

UKBorders. Provides digitised boundary datasets of the UK, available in many Geographic Information System (GIS) formats (MapInfo MIF/MID, ArcView Shape, Arc/Info Export and several others), for teachers and researchers in the UK Higher and Further Education community to download and use in their work. The service is provided by EDINA.

UK Location. Is a UK pan-government initiative to improve the sharing and re-use of public sector location information.

UK Post Code Finder. Royal Mail provides this online tool to find the postcode for any UK address; or an address from a post code.

United Nations Cartographic Section. Country maps and some thematic maps.

USA. US Geological Survey (USGS) produces topographic maps of the USA. See The National Map for access to high-quality, geospatial data and information from the USGS as well as Federal, State, and local partners. Or try The National Atlas. Click here for list of sites where USGS maps can be viewed or see the USGS Store if you wish to buy maps. There is also useful information at DDS. Try the National Geological Map database to search for USGS geological maps and related data.

USGS EarthExplorer. Provides access to millions of land-related products, mainly of USA.

USGS Global Visualization Viewer. Online search and order tool for selected satellite and aerial data.

UpMyStreet. Guide to areas in Britain including maps, statistics, property prices, schools, crime rates.

University of California - Berkeley. Digital topographic map sets for many parts of the world, though some are only available inside the University of California. Includes Soviet military mapping. Also has indexes to AMS and GSGS map series.

What's in Your Back Yard? Use interactive maps to find out more about the environment where you live in England - flood risk, landfill sites, pollution hazards, etc.

World Atlas. Small scale maps of countries and continents. Includes outline maps and map tests.

Worldmapper. A collection of world maps, where territories are re-sized on each map according to the subject of interest. See also the Social and Spatial Inequalities (SASI) website.

World Maps. Maps and flags of the World and parts of the World.

World Ocean Database and World Ocean Atlas Series.

World Political and Physical Maps and Satellite Images from geology.com

World Wind. Provides geospatial visualization technology via extensible and modular components that can be incorporated into any application. (Not downlaodable on the Map Room PC)

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Map Producers and Dealers

Sellers of Antiquarian Maps

MapRecord Publications has a list of dealers in antiquarian maps on its website. Also look at London Map Fairs; Map Collecting and Marketplace sections of the Map History / History of Cartography site. Sellers who sell Ordnance Survey maps can be found on the Charles Close Society website.


Sellers and Producers of Current Maps

Directories:

    Eurogeographics. EuroGeographics is a not-for-profit organisation formed in 2001 as the membership association and representative body of the European national mapping, land registry and cadastral agencies. Includes details of the Agencies in each country with links to web sites, etc.

    National Mapping Agencies. This list is on the Charles Close Society website but is not restricted to British or Ordnance Survey related organisations.

    International Map Industry Association (IMIA). Lists map shops and dealers (worldwide) who are members of the association. Previoulsy known as International Map Trade Association, IMTA.

Individual Producers and Dealers: (See also Information Sheets 1A to 1D)

Alan Godfrey Maps. Publisher of facsimiles of old Ordnance Survey maps. Include local history notes.

British Geological Survey. Produces geological maps of Great Britain. See Make-a-Map for a very generalised view of the geology, etc. of Great Britain. More detailed maps(1:625,000 and 1:50,000 scales) can be found via the Geology of Britain Viewer. For geological map data go to DigMapGB. Scans of Old Series one inch geological solid and drift maps for England and Wales, Scotland and Ireland are also available online. Or see the Interactive Geology Map of Anglesey.

Cassini Historical Maps. Digitally enhanced reproductions of old Ordnance Survey one-inch maps re-projected and enlarged to match the scale and coverage of the present-day Ordnance Survey Landranger® maps.

Cupri Media. Supplier of maps, books, etc. on Iran.

Digital Data Services (DDS). Paper maps and digital data - USGS plus international publishers and Soviet military maps.

Macaulay Institute. Publishers of soil, land use and land capability maps of Great Britain. For map sales click here.

Mapsales.com. "Sellers of wall maps of the world, continents, countries, USA, states and more".

MapStop. Online store but also has a shop in Brackley, Northamptonshire.

MapsWorldwide.com. Online map shop based in Melksham (Wiltshire).

Maxi-Map. Produces floor maps of, for example, Great Britain, Wales, the World, for use by schools, etc..

Omni. Online catalogue of a company selling current maps of all parts of the world.

Ordnance Survey: Extensive web site. 'Get-a-map' - maps up to 1:25,000 scale for the whole of Great Britain ; or try the new Getamap service with its route planning facility (Landranger, Explorer and aerial maps ; requires Microsoft Silverlight to be installed ; registration required ; full facilities only available to subscribers for which there is a charge). New in 2010, OS OpenData - provides access to a selection of the most detailed mapping datasets available for Great Britain. (Digimap OpenStream is a web service delivering OS OpenData to the UK academic sector using open standard WMS technology; access is not restricted to Digimap users, although a one-off online registration is required). OS OpenSpace API - " lets developers create amazing web applications and online projects with Ordnance Survey maps". The website also provides information on the different scales of maps available, the National Grid, horizontal and vertical survey control information. The OS's Teaching Resources page includes guides to map reading and the National Grid plus downloadable outline maps. The pages include a very brief history of OS with more details provided in two books available online - A History of the Ordnance Survey edited by W. A. Seymour and Map-makers to Britain since 1791 by Tim Owen and Elaine Pilbeam. The Resources for Retailers page provides access to catalogues including the Leisure Map Catalogue which is updated each month. Find your nearest walk-in retail outlet.

    OS Custom Made Map. Centre a 1:50,000 or 1:25,000 scale OS map on a place of your choice by postcode, place name or grid reference. Even use your own photograph for the cover.
    UK Grid Reference Finder. Search by location, post code, grid reference or latitude and longitude. Hover over pins on map, or right click on map, to find location, post code, grid reference or latitude and longitude of locations. See location as a map, aerial view of bird's eye view.
    More information about Ordnance Survey maps can be found on Lez Watson's web site (includes summary lists of Ordnance Survey map editions) and in FieldenMaps.info (including information on print codes and edition markings and a co-ordinate converter). See also the Charles Close Society web site or hire a walk-over 1:50,000 scale Ordnance Survey map of England and Wales or Scotland from Mapland Britain.

Ordnance Survey Ireland (OSi). Topographic mapping of the Republic of Ireland. Via the Historic Map Archive you can view 6" and 25" maps published 1837-1913, download this data or place an order for delivery by post, look at modern mapping and orthophotography. In addition, provides access to Lewis' Topographical Dictionary of Ireland published in 1837.

Ordnance Survey Northern Ireland (OSNI). OSNI (part of Land & Property Services) is the agency responsible for mapping, land registration, valuation and rating in Northern Ireland. On their website view modern and historic maps and buy paper maps. At The Northern Ireland Place-Name Project - Placenames NI search for a place names and for modern and historic maps from the 1830s. This is an ongoing project.

Soil Maps:


Stanfords.
Large London map and travel book store, also with online shop.

The Map Shop.
The shop is in High Street, Upton upon Severn, Worcestershire but can also order online.

US Geological Survey (USGS). USGS produces topographic maps of the USA. See The National Map for access to high-quality, geospatial data and information from the USGS as well as Federal, State, and local partners. Or try The National Atlas. Click here for list of sites where USGS maps can be viewed or see the USGS Store if you wish to buy maps. There is also useful information at DDS. Try the National Geological Map database to search for USGS geological maps and related data.

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Map Societies

American Geographical Society Library.

Archives & Records Association (Society of Archivists).

Association des Collectionneurs de Guides et Cartes Michelin (ACGCM). A society for those with an interest in Michelin maps and guides. There is also interesting information, including tips on the dating of Michelin maps, at http://cartesmich.free.fr/home.php

Association of Canadian Map Libraries and Archives (ACMLA).

British and Irish Committee on Map Information and Cataloguing Systems (BRICMICS). A formal group with membership by invitation which represents libraries, archives, and other institutions and organisations involved in all aspects of map work in Great Britain and Ireland. It exists to exchange views and information and to monitor developments affecting map libraries and archives.

British Cartographic Society (BCS). Includes the Map Curators' Group, BRICMICS and a Freelance Members Directory and the very useful Map Curators' Toolbox. The Cartopics section includes some useful articles on projections, measuring from maps, online maps, length of UK coastline, etc. A recent addition to the Toolbox is a pdf version of Military Publishers' Designations, compiled by Graham Webster. The Directory of UK Map Collections is also useful.

Cambridgeshire Records Society. Publishes facsimiles of several Cambridge maps.

Charles Close Society (CCS). A society dedicated to the study of Ordnance Survey maps. Publishes a regular newsletter, Sheetlines, and arranges visits, meetings, etc.
The Charles Close Society Archives is a collection of Ordnance Survey and Directorate of Overseas Survey materials (mostly documents rather than maps) held at Cambridge University Library.
The Society is also interested in overseas mapping. See, for example, the web pages compiled by a CCS member on Soviet Military Maps of Britain.

Defence Surveyors' Association (DSA).

Hakluyt Society.

Historical Geography Speciality Group of the Association of American Geographers. Their newsletter, Past Place, is available on their website.

International Antiquarian Mapsellers Association (IAMA). Note: discontinued at end the of 2012.

International Cartographic Association (ICA). Various Commissions and Working Groups including those on Art & Cartography and the History of Cartography. Also publish a Newsletter.

International Map Collectors Society (IMCOS).

International Map Industry Association (IMIA). (Previoulsy International Map Trade Association, IMTA)

International Society for the History of the Map (ISHM). The objects of the Society are to promote scholarship, by researching, teaching, communicating and funding in the subject of the History of the Map in all societies over all periods of time. The founding meeting was held on 1st December 2011.

LIBER - Groupe des Cartothécaires (GdC). Includes section on Literature for Map Curators. GdC information also available here.

London Topographical Society (LTS).

Malta Map Society. Website includes access to their Newsletter.

Map and Geospatial Information Round Table (MAGIRT) of the American Library Association. Their online Journal is called Coordinates ; their newsletter is called Base Line and is available online. (Before the June 28, 2011, was known as Map and Geography Round Table, MAGERT).

Road Map Collectors Association. Emphasis on American oil company maps, and some of the information is for members only, but great source of information.

Society for the History of Discoveries.

Society of Cartographers (SoC).

UK Cartography Committee (UKCC). A committee established to represent the UK cartographic community in all matters concerning the relationship of the UK with the International Cartographic Association (ICA) and other appropriate international organisations.

UK GEOForum. A group of societies and associations that represent the core interests that encompass geography, mapping and the geospatial information handling industry.

Washington Map Society. Publishers of The Portolan, the Society's journal.

Western Association of Map Libraries (WAML). Most members are in USA. Includes lots of information of general usefulness. Includes the Map Librarians' Toolbox.

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Journals (home pages, online journals / online indexes to journal articles) online books

(See also the Web Articles section of the Map History / History of Cartography web site)

Index to articles in journals on the history of cartography

Cartographica. 'The International Journal for Geographic Information and Geovisualization'. The top ten most-cited articles are freely available online.

Cartographica Helvetica. "The leading German-speaking journal on the history of cartography".

Cartography and Geoinformation. From the Croatian Cartographic Society. Articles available as pdf files in English and Croatian.

Coordinates. Online journal of the Map and Geospatial Information Round Table (MAGIRT) of the American Library Association. Includes useful bibliography in Recent Trends in the History of Cartography: A Selective, Annotated Bibliography to the English-Language Literature by Matthew H. Edney.

Current Geographical Publications. Bibliographical references to books, articles, pamphlets, maps and atlases, etc. in the American Geographical Society Collection of the University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee [CUL classmark L690.b.9]. In 2006, the format changed to include the tables of contents of current geographical journals which are available online.

e_Perimetron. "International e-journal on sciences and technologies affined to history of cartography and maps. Principal aim of the journal is: To couple issues on history of cartography and maps with a variety of possibilities offered by the new digital information and communication technologies".

Imago Mundi. Scholarly periodical devoted exclusively to the history of pre-modern maps, mapping, and map-related ideas from anywhere in the world. Older issues are available online. Raven password required for off-campus access. Printed issues are available at T696.b.1.

Journal of Maps. Registration (free) is required.

Journal of Map & Geography Libraries (Geoscapes). Access is restricted to authorised University of Cambridge users. Printed copy is available at L696.c.43.

Kunstpedia.com. Knowledge base on fine- and applied arts, popularly stated arts and antiques, with the exception of contemporary art. Includes articles from The Map Collector. Can also search for other articles on maps.

MapForum.com. Now also available in hard copy as a separate but related publication http://www.mapforum.com/print/print.htm

Mappa.Mundi Magazine. "Examines information discovery on the Internet via an eclectic mix of ideas about technology, history, and the future of cyberspace".

Mapping of New York State: A Study in the History of Cartography. e-book by David Yehling Allen.

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Cartographic Citations

Cartographic Citations. Alberta Auringer Wood compiled this list of sources for cartographic citations - some of which are available online - on behalf of the Bibliographic Control Committee of ACMLA. Can also be found via the ACMLA 'Tools and Useful Links' page.

Cartographic Citations: A Style Guide. Second Edition, by Christine Kollen, Wangyal Shawa, Mary Larsgaard. Not available online but can be consulted in the Map Room [CUL classmark S696.c.201.9].

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E-mail Discussion Lists and Forum

Carta-l. Discussion forum for Canadian Map, Geographic Information Systems, and Geomatics librarians and archivists, and anyone interested in Canadian cartography, geospatial data and Geographic Information Systems (GIS) issues as they pertain to libraries and archives.

Carto-SoC. A listserv created by the Society of Cartographers mainly for the discussion of practical cartography but other topics are discussed.

ISHMap-List. Free and open, but moderated, listserv to promote discussion about any topic in the field of map history. Launched in January 2014 by the International Society for the History of the Map (ISHM)

lis-maps. A UK-based forum for issues related to maps & spatial data librarianship.

MapHist Forum. Concerned with any aspect of the making and using of non-current maps. It is the continuation of the MapHist listserv (1994-2012) the web pages of which include information on Dragons and other monsters on maps.

MAPS-L. "An international discussion forum for Map Librarians, other librarians dealing with (or interested in) cartographic information, anyone dealing with cartographic information, cartographers, remote sensors, geographers, and cartomaniacs of all types".

MapTrade. "An online discussion email list for antique map collectors, dealers and enthusiasts worldwide".

Ordnancemaps. "Intended for anyone with an interest in Ordnance Survey Maps".

Roadmaps-L. "Designed to give road map collectors a forum in which they may discuss their hobby".

SEE ALSO: the Discussion List page on the Map History / History of Cartography web page.

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Blogs

Map history weblogs are listed at http://www.maphistory.info/topics.html#weblogs.

A few map-related blogs are listed below:

Cartes et figures du monde.

Cartographers Guild. A forum created by and for map makers and aficionados.

edparsons.com. "Ed Parsons is the Geospatial Technologist of Google. However, edparsons.com is written by Ed Parsons, not Google so the views expressed in this blog are mine and not necessarily those of my employer".

First Printing. Antique maps and prints blog.

Google Maps Mania. An unofficial Google Maps blog tracking the websites, mashups and tools being influenced by Google Maps.

ICA Commission on Map Design - MapCarte. Showcasing a new map every day in 2014.

Mapping London Blog. "Highlighting the best London maps."

The Map Room. A blog about maps by Jonathan Crowe. Closed 30 June 2011 but still available for viewing and an occasional post may be added.

Map the Universe. A journey into the world of antique map collecting.

MapUtopia. A space dedicated to the heritage of cartography and maps especially from the view point of modern digital information and communication technologies.

Show Off Your Maps. Send digital images of your old maps with a brief description for discussion purposes.

Strange Maps. A collection of web maps that the editor found weird, strange, and interesting. It is also a blog, so you can comment on the maps.

Views of the World: worldmapping beyond mere description. Research blog of Benjamin D. Hennig. Includes equal-population maps and cartograms.

Warping History. Blog for the presentation of results and discussion of mathematical methods in the study of the history of cartography.

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